Coffee and ClimateBeing in the midst of a changing climate, we ask green coffee buyer Moshe Tawil how this is going to affecting crops and quality of specialty coffee.
Can you already predict what the effect of these changes will be on coffee quality and supply for Australian consumers?
Moshe: I don't believe we can predict much as coffee farmers in every micro region take different precautions to make sure their crops continue to flow adequately. Technological development keep on giving better results as well as improved information exchange, it all helps crop availability to stay steady.
What measured do coffee growers take to alleviate the effects of droughts or extreme wet conditions?
Moshe: Ongoing care of their farms throughout the year including organic fertilisation and organic clearing with ongoing improvement of coffee varieties.
Do you already see long term changes in Arabica yields due to changing weather patterns in the countries you visit?
Moshe: No, we keep seeing increases in volumes. Anyone claiming differently seems to be trying to cause panic in order to sell coffee at inflated prices. Coffee yields are cyclical, they can be down this year but will be up next & vice versa.
Do you expect changes in coffee supply/demand? For example more Robustas due to its higher tolerance for weather effects.
Moshe: No, in fact we see more demand for high grade Arabicas and better processed Robustas. The stronger Robustas are also being processed better to attract a higher value resulting in better cup.
What measures can roasters take to secure a consistent quality in their coffee supply?
Moshe: Foster direct relationships with farmers and build partnerships to continue developing farming regions. Some reports claim global warming is affecting 80 percent of coffee growing regions.
How do coffee growers look at this?
Moshe: I do not believe that this is accurate. We visited 14 coffee regions last year and have not seen significant changes from the patterns we saw 20 years ago. The only significant change is better technology and improvement in communication. Even the effect of climate change seem cyclical rather than a one way change for now.
Do you expect to see coffees from new regions/higher altitudes in the future due to changes in climate patterns?
Moshe: We do expect to see coffees from new regions and higher altitudes in the future, but not due to changes in climate patterns, rather as a result of ongoing development in farming practises.
What regions do you expect to see booming in the next 10 years?
Moshe: I expect a lot from North Peru and South Honduras in the Americas. In Asia my bets would be on South India, Indonesia and North Vietnam. No matter what the weather will bring, this year and in the years coming we will have some amazing coffees to look forward to